The first table sets out definitions of key terms. The second table provides an explanation of key acronyms.

Table 1: Definitions

Climate Average weather and its variability over a long period of time, usually 30 years.
Climate Change Adaptation Any adjustment in natural or human systems in response to climatic changes, which reduces risks or exploits beneficial opportunities.
Climate Change Mitigation Strategies to reduce or prevent human induced emissions of greenhouse gases and enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks (such as forests and oceans).
Community Infrastructure Levy A charge levied by local authorities on developers
Development Management Development management is the stage at which developers submit proposals to obtain planning permission to build. Proposals are assessed against local plans and policies, so it is vital that these robustly spell out the vision for the area.
Health and Wellbeing Board A committee formed by each local authority in England. The aim of the health and wellbeing boards is to improve integration between practitioners in local health care, social care, public health and related public services so that patients and other service-users experience more “joined up” care, particularly in transitions between health care and social care. The boards are also responsible for leading locally on reducing health inequalities.
Health Impact Assessment An assessment of the impact of a proposed development on the health of the local community.
Joint Strategic Needs Assessment Provides local policy-makers and commissioners with a profile of the health and wellbeing needs of the local population. The aim of the JSNA is to improve commissioning and reduce health inequalities by identifying current and future health trends within a local population.
Local authority Local authority refers to all tiers of local government: unitary councils, district councils, London boroughs, metropolitan district councils and county councils. In two tier areas (i.e. where county and district levels have different responsibilities in the same area), practitioners will need to align the statutory role of county councils regarding public health (which includes things such as the need to prepare JSNAs and JHWSs) with planning, which is primarily the responsibility of district authorities.
National Planning Policy Framework Document setting out the national government’s main policies on planning.
Planning conditions Requirements attached to planning permission to limit, control or direct the manner in which the development is carried out.
Planning obligations Money or development required from the developer if planning permission granted.
Public Health Public health is defined in the Government’s 2010 Public Health White Paper as ‘the science and art of promoting and protecting health and wellbeing, preventing ill health and prolonging life through the organised efforts of society’. There are three domains: health improvement, health protection and health services.
Section 106 agreements See Planning Obligations
Sustainability A generally defined as the capacity for a culture to thrive today – economically, ecologically and socially – without compromising the ability of future generations to do the same.
Vulnerability An individual’s or a particular group’s partiality to stressors and shocks, including social exclusion and natural hazards such as flooding and heatwaves.
Weather The state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, etc. at a given point in time.
Wellbeing The Government Office for Science defines wellbeing as ‘a dynamic state, in which the individual is able to develop their potential, work productively and creatively, build strong and positive relationships with others, and contribute to their community’.
Wider determinants of health Also referred to as the social determinants of health, describe a range of factors that influence an individual’s health. The World Health
Organization defines them as ‘the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels.’

Table 2: Acronyms

BHFNC British Heart Foundation National Centre
BUCCANEER Birmingham’s Urban Climate Change and Neighbourhood Estimate of Environmental Risk
CCG Clinical Commissioning Group
CfPF Centre for Public Scrutiny
CIEH Chartered Institute of Environmental Health
CIL Community Infrastructure Levy
EqIA Equalities Impact Assessment
HIA Health Impact Assessment
HUDU Healthy Urban Development Unit
HWB Health and Wellbeing Board
JHWS Joint Health and Wellbeing Strategy
JSNA Joint Strategy Needs Assessment
LPA Local Planning Authority
NMWIA National Mental Wellbeing Impact Assessment
NICE National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
NPPF National Planning Policy Framework
NPPG National Planning Policy Guidance
PHE Public Health England
PHOF Public Health Outcomes Framework
RTPI Royal Town Planning Institute
S106 Section 106 agreement
SHAPE Strategic Health Asset Planning and Evaluation
SPD Supplementary Planning Document
UKCP09 United Kingdom Climate Projections 2009
WHO World Health Organisation